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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-June 2019
Volume 6 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-19

Online since Monday, July 13, 2020

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ORIGINAL ARTICLES  

Knowledge Impact of the Contextual Presbyopia Education on the At-Risk Population of Saham, Oman p. 1
Amani Salim Ali Al-Alshidi, Gopi Suresh Vankudre
DOI:10.4103/bijo.bijo_3_19  
Context: Acts such as regular check-up and choosing appropriate correction methods can help in reducing the uncorrected burden of presbyopia and enhancing the vision-related quality of life. There is a lack of evidence on presbyopia-related awareness and knowledge in Oman. Even, evidence on the efficiency of condition-related health promotional resources is also limited. Aim: This study aims to evaluate the community's presbyopia related knowledge level and the impact of the developed video-based presbyopia-related health promotional tool on enhancing their condition related knowledge. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the population of Saham, Oman. Subjects and Methods: The knowledge assessment was done through a self-designed questionnaire tool before and after the provision of presbyopic health education. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon signed-rank, and Kruskal–Wallis test. Results: The mean age of participants was (42.100 ± 6.3937 years). The mean percentile knowledge score before the intervention was (25.0909% ±23.75966%). Percentile mean knowledge score after intervention increased to (92.9091% ± 12.43264%). Wilcoxon signed-rank test indicated that the postintervention knowledge score was significantly higher than preintervention z = −8.699, P = 0.00. The Kruskal–Wallis test indicated the change is knowledge score was statistically significant with factors of the medical association of the participant either educationally (P = 0.043) or occupationally (0.009). Conclusion: Most of the study participants had heard about near vision loss but had lower knowledge about presbyopia. The impact of the provided presbyopia health intervention was statistically significant.
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Associated risk factors with the presence of the symptoms of dry eye syndrome among residents of Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia p. 6
Majed Al-Subaie, Abdul Sattar Khan, Muhammad Talha Khan
DOI:10.4103/bijo.bijo_1_19  
Purpose: Dry eye syndrome (DES) results in potential damage to the ocular surface accompanied by increased tear film osmolarity and inflammation of the ocular surface. Dry eye can be a result of different habits, chronic diseases, and some medications. Hence, we designed the study to have a rough estimation of dry eye in smokers. Methodology: The cross-sectional study was conducted for the duration of 1 month in Al Ahsa Saudi Arabia. Data collection has been carried by a validated questionnaire “McMonnies Questionnaire V2.” Consequently, Chi-square test was performed using SPSS version 21. Results: This study showed that females have more likely to develop DES symptoms compared to males, i.e., 51.4% and 48.6%, respectively. Among the individuals having DES symptoms, the individual who does not smoke, smoke <1 pack/day, smoke 1 pack/day, or smoke >1 pack/day, there were no significant results (P = 0.211). Moreover, individuals having DES symptoms were significantly associated with dusty and sunny weather, and perfume (P < 0.001). Individuals having DES symptoms developed eye irritation and redness from swimming in chlorinated freshwater pools having a significant association (P < 0.001). Furthermore, having DES symptoms was found to be significantly associated with eye sensitivity to smog, air conditioning, and central heating (P < 0.001). Conclusion: This study observed a significant association of symptoms of DES with various risk factors other than smoking. Therefore, further longitudinal clinical studies will be helpful in evaluating the risk factors of DES in Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.
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Prevalence of iris signs among the volunteers participated in the Science city exhibition p. 10
Y Rosy Ayda, K Kanimozhi, N Manavalan
DOI:10.4103/bijo.bijo_5_19  
Purpose: Iris diagnosis is the science that reveals physical, emotional, and mental aspects of an individual through the iris. The aim of the study was to find out the prevalence of iris signs among the volunteers who participated in the Science city Naturopathy stall titled, “Natural Diet and Traditional Natural Health Practices.” Methods: Demographic details were collected from the volunteered participants of iris diagnosis, and the iris images from every individual were photographed and the iris reports were recorded objectively using 2014 CE FCC NEW 5.0 MP USB Iriscope Iris Analyzer Iridology Camera. Results: The iris signs in the areas such as skin, stomach, dilated bowel, constricted bowels, bowel pockets, and radii solaris were more predominant among the participants, which may indicate the issues related to gastrointestinal tract. Conclusion: Since majority of volunteers were school students, the mean (standard deviation) of the healthy iris remains very less and this should be taken into account for further health improvement.
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CASE REPORTS Top

A case report of erlotinib-induced trichomegaly in a glaucoma patient p. 13
Aysha S Falamarzi, Mohammed Yusuf Shaikh
DOI:10.4103/bijo.bijo_4_19  
Trichomegaly of the eyelashes is an uncommon side effect of erlotinib, which is an epidermal growth factor receptor kinase inhibitor. Erlotinib is a form of molecular targeted therapy, increasingly used in the treatment of wide variety of cancers. The purpose of this case presentation is to highlight the occurrence of erlotinib-induced trichomegaly of eyelashes in a known patient of glaucoma on topical ocular hyoptensives other than prostaglandins. The report aims to highlight specifically the difficulties that trichomegaly poses in glaucoma management and reminds of other ophthalmic side effects of erlotinib. The recognition of this sporadically reported uncommon condition and its management is essential not only to ensure acceptable cosmesis and ocular comfort but also to prevent serious ocular complication.
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Role of scleral tectonic graft in saving the vision of a child with apert syndrome p. 16
Dinah Saad Ahmad Ibrahim, Mohanad Kamaleldin Mahmoud Ibrahim
DOI:10.4103/bijo.bijo_2_19  
Apert syndrome (AP) is a rare form of acrocehpalosyndactyly with autosomal-dominant transmission. The most common ocular features of patients with AP include proptosis, shallow orbits, and hypertelorism; they can have exotropia and antimongoloid slant of the palpebral fissures. The aim of this report was to study the role of scleral tectonic patch graft (STPG) in managing the corneal exposure due to AP. This was the clinical case report of a 9-year-old girl with AP, presented with right eye corneal perforation. She was treated with homologous STPG instead of tectonic corneal graft with good improvement of her visual acuity (VA). The outcome of the patient VA after 1 year was the improvement of the vision in the affected eye from the hand movement to 6/12, which was considered very satisfactory to the child and her family. This case report revealed that tectonic scleral patch graft is a sight-saving procedure in condition where the scleral tissue is readily available rather than the corneal tissue that needs the presence of cornel banks.
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