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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-3

Social determinants of blindness in Sudan- 2019


Department of Community Medicine Khartoum, Faculty of Medicine, Ibn Sina University, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohanad Kamaleldin Mahmoud Ibrahim
Department of Community Medicine Khartoum, Faculty of Medicine, Ibn Sina University, Khartoum
Sudan
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DOI: 10.4103/bijo.bijo_5_20

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Background: The term blindness is used for complete or nearly complete vision loss. The number of people estimated to be visually impaired worldwide is 285 million; 39 million are blind and 246 have low vision. About 90% of the world visually impaired lives in low-income settings. The overall objective of this study was to identify the social determinants of blindness in Sudan, aiming for prevention and control. Methodology: This was an outreached service cross-sectional study conducted among 858 participants selected using multistage cluster sampling and drawn proportionate to size among four cities in Sudan using probability sampling technique. The data were collected using closed-ended administered questionnaires, and data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 21. The analysis included uni-variate for all determinants and bi-variate cross-tabulation using Chi-square test to reveal associations between variables of interest. The study was estimated at 95% confidence level. Results: The overall socioeconomic profile of the study group was low. The mean monthly income of the blind participants was only 1991 sustainable development goal. The majority of the blind participants were unemployed, where they represented >70% and there was a significant association between occupation and blindness (P = 0.000). More than half of the blind participants (58%) were living in rural areas, and the study revealed a significant association between blindness and living are (P = 0.000). Conclusion: The socioeconomic status in terms of income, occupation, and living area and is significantly associated with blindness. A majority of the blind participants are living in rural areas, unemployed, and earn low monthly income.


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