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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-9

Associated risk factors with the presence of the symptoms of dry eye syndrome among residents of Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Dhahran-Eye-Specialist-Hospital, Al Jamiah, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Majed Al-Subaie
Dhahran-Eye-Specialist-Hospital, Al Jamiah, Dhahran 34257-7630
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/bijo.bijo_1_19

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Purpose: Dry eye syndrome (DES) results in potential damage to the ocular surface accompanied by increased tear film osmolarity and inflammation of the ocular surface. Dry eye can be a result of different habits, chronic diseases, and some medications. Hence, we designed the study to have a rough estimation of dry eye in smokers. Methodology: The cross-sectional study was conducted for the duration of 1 month in Al Ahsa Saudi Arabia. Data collection has been carried by a validated questionnaire “McMonnies Questionnaire V2.” Consequently, Chi-square test was performed using SPSS version 21. Results: This study showed that females have more likely to develop DES symptoms compared to males, i.e., 51.4% and 48.6%, respectively. Among the individuals having DES symptoms, the individual who does not smoke, smoke <1 pack/day, smoke 1 pack/day, or smoke >1 pack/day, there were no significant results (P = 0.211). Moreover, individuals having DES symptoms were significantly associated with dusty and sunny weather, and perfume (P < 0.001). Individuals having DES symptoms developed eye irritation and redness from swimming in chlorinated freshwater pools having a significant association (P < 0.001). Furthermore, having DES symptoms was found to be significantly associated with eye sensitivity to smog, air conditioning, and central heating (P < 0.001). Conclusion: This study observed a significant association of symptoms of DES with various risk factors other than smoking. Therefore, further longitudinal clinical studies will be helpful in evaluating the risk factors of DES in Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

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