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ABSTRACT
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 24-26

Retinal vein occlusion in patients attending the Retina Clinic in Makkah Eye Hospital


Department of Ophthalmology, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Elfatih Elfadl Bushara
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan; Department of Medical Retina, Makkah Eye Complex, Sudan Eye Center, Khartoum
Sudan
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DOI: 10.4103/1858-6538.169305

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Background: Retinal Vein Occlusions are common retinal vascular disorder. They can bedivided to Central Retinal Vein Occlusions (CRVO); which is the commonest type, Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion (BRVO) or Hemispherical Retinal Vein Occlusion (HRVO). It presents with variable visual loss. Fundoscopy revealed retinal hemorrhages, cotton-wool spots, and macular edema. Treatment is directed to the ocular or systemic causes and the macular edema. Objectives: To determine the risk factors and the effect of Retinal Vein Occlusion in Sudanese patients. Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional hospital based, descriptive study which was conducted to determine the risk factors and the effect of Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO) in Sudanese patients attending the Retina Clinic in Makkah Eye Hospital (MEC). A total of 100 patients who presented to the Retina Clinic with RVO in MEC were studied, over a period of 6 months. The subjects were selected connectively as a case series. Results: Demographic data showed that males were more represented sample but the different was not signification. The most frequent age group was (61-70) years represented 31%. The most important risk factors for RVO in Sudanese were cigarette smoking followed by hypertension, diabetes, glaucoma, IHD and other cardiac problems. Possible complications arise were retinal new vascularizations in 20%, macular edema in 16%, rebueosis irides and new vessels at the angle 2%. The interventions done were, laser done for 24,5% and 46.1% recived intraocular injection. Conclusion: RVO in Sudanese Patients is a frequent vascular disorder and causes significant visual loss. Aging, cigarette smoking, glaucoma and vascular disease are the commonest risk factors detected. The possible complications arise from RVO were retinal neovascularization, macular edema and neovascular glaucoma. Most of patients were received intraocular injection and laser was done for some of them.


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